Sopel tutorial, Part 5: Modules in folders, and distributing to PyPI
NOTE: This guide is for Sopel 6.0+. If you are still using a version named “Willie”, we strongly encourage you to upgrade, as such old versions are no longer supported.
Sopel makes it easy to share modules, and get modules from other people, through the Python Package Index. Even if you aren’t sharing your module, if it starts getting big and complex, you might want to rearrange it into a folder just to keep it organized.
Putting your module in a folder is simple, especially if you’re already
familiar with how Python modules work. Let’s say you’ve been working with
~/.sopel/modules/spam.py. All you have to do is move it to
~/.sopel/modules/spam/__init__.py. Of course, you probably want to split it
out from that file a bit.
The first thing you want to do is put
from __future__ import absolute_import
at the top of your
__init__.py, and any other Python files you have in here.
If you’re only going to use this module with Python 3, this isn’t necessary,
but it clears up some weirdness with how imports work in Python 2.
You can split anything out to anywhere you want. The only rule is that the
things that the bot is searching for (basically, just the things that you’re
decorating with the decorators in
sopel.module) need to be present in that
__init__.py. So if you had a callable
eggs in there, and you move it into
~/.sopel/modules/spam/callables.py, you’ll want to have
from .callables import eggs (note that leading
., to say we want it from
callables module in the same directory). It’s worth noting that you won’t
be able to import things from
__init__.py in other files in the directory
reliably, so it’s probably best to have
__init__.py do nothing but import the
things it needs.
Using the cookiecutter template
The easiest way to make a module in a folder, all prepped and ready to be published to PyPI, is to use our cookiecutter template. It’s easy:
pip install cookiecutter cookiecutter gh:sopel-irc/cookiecutter-sopel
Answer all the prompts, and you’ll have a ready-made repo structure to plop your module into.